1961 and the Struggle for Racial Justice

Paperback (320 pages, 2011 abridged edition)


   Order Code: OUP103    ISBN : 9780199754311
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The landmark, definitive account of the "freedom rides" of Spring and Summer of 1961, a crucial development in the American Civil Rights movement

The saga of the Freedom Rides is an improbable, almost unbelievable story. In the course of six months in 1961, four hundred and fifty Freedom Riders expanded the realm of the possible in American politics, redefining the limits of dissent and setting the stage for the civil rights movement. In this new version of his encyclopedic Freedom Riders, Raymond Arsenault offers a significantly condensed and tautly written account. With characters and plot lines rivaling those of the most imaginative fiction, this is a tale of heroic sacrifice and unexpected triumph. Arsenault recounts how a group of volunteers–blacks and whites–came together to travel from Washington DC through the Deep South, defying Jim Crow laws in buses and terminals and putting their lives on the line for racial justice. News photographers captured the violence in Montgomery, shocking the nation and sparking a crisis in the Kennedy administration. Here are the key players–their fears and courage, their determination and second thoughts, and the agonizing choices they faced as they took on Jim Crow–and triumphed.

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Oxford University Press